Poverty is an issue that affects families across Canada and around the world. When families lack sufficient resources to sustain themselves and support their well-being, it affects everyone in the household and can have an impact on community well-being.
Poverty has many faces and can be manifested in diverse ways, including hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education and other basic services, social discrimination and exclusion, as well as a lack of participation in decision making. As with many measures of well-being, poverty is disproportionately experienced by marginalized groups, such as people living with disabilities, Indigenous families, single parents and racialized communities.
SDG 1 aims to end poverty – in all its forms – everywhere. It’s a broad and ambitious goal, but truly sustainable development that “leaves no one behind” means facing the unmet needs and inequalities experienced by all families in Canada and around the world.
Key facts and statistics:
- In 2017, 9.5% of Canadians were living below Canada’s Official Poverty Line (MBM), including 3.9% of seniors and 23% among people in lone-parent families.
- In 2015, 14% of all households in Canada lived with low income (LIM-AT), with disproportionately high rates among marginalized groups, including:
- non-permanent residents (43%)
- recent immigrants (31%)
- First Nations people (30%)
- people living with a disability (23%)
- people who reported belonging to a visible minority group (21%)
- Inuit (19%)
- In 2018, 1 in 4 children and youth under 18 (23%) say they go to bed or school hungry at least sometimes because there is not enough food at home.
- In 2016, 11% of all Canadians were in core housing need, with higher rates among Inuit (40%), recent immigrants (24%), First Nations people (23%) and Métis (14%).
Sources: Statistics Canada; UNICEF Canada